The term language processing is not to denote operating on inputs or outputs. Language psychology approves of generative linguistics to state that humans can create own discourse. Neural processing phenomena are indispensable for language generation or origination, production as well as perception.

In unimpeded humans, the inner requirement for natural feedback processes approximates a drive, feedback interference potentially to result in drive-like or driven behaviors, particularly in humans of altered cognitive scopes.

We can think about the inner feedback on an example. Even if consciously wearing headphones, we reflexly raise our voices to speak, unless we have exercised not to do so. Speaking loud is an intuitive way to compensate for a limitation in auditory feedback. It is also a feedback capacity to learn to keep own voice down, despite auricular obstruction.

I either formed the footnotes independently, or based them on the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Fourth Edition, 2006, 2000), marked AHD4.

The text is free for fair use, that is, criticism, comment, teaching, scholarship, and research, provided that reference to the author is retained. I am open to comments or questions at the e-mail address enclosed.

Read more: Foreword

Teresa Pelka



The website is still under construction.


Human language processing can be viewed as human processing of information. With the concepts of processing of options, a program, and a processing system being necessary for any analysis of information phenomena, terms correlative with computer science should not be understood as an attempt to draw close a correspondence, as natural language remains a scope of skill unmatched by artificial intellection. Therefore, human neurophysiology shall be the primary reference for the following discourse on the role of feedback in language behavior.

Read more …

Chapter 1. Neurophysiology of feedback

Positive and negative feedback processes have been evidenced in human nervous systems already at the level of the single cell during electric potential change.

Read more …

See also: a new grammar course


Travelers in Grammar I preview

Travelers in Grammar II preview

Chapter 1. The verbs BE, HAVE, and DO

Chapter 2. The verb WILL

Chapter 3. BE, HAVE, DO, and WILL

in tense patterns

Chapter 4. Simple, Progressive, and Perfect

Chapter 5. The Affirmative, Interrogative, and Negative

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Chapter 6. The Simple and the Perfect


Chapter 7. The Simple and the Progressive


Chapter 8. The Perfect Progressive

Chapter 9. Modal verbs, introduction


Modal verbs: form and reference

Modal verbs: hypothetical time


Modal verbs: time frame economy


Chapter 10. Form relativity

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4 Comments on “Home”

    • teresapelka Says:

      Hi, never read the ‘Lingua ex Machina’, will take a look some time later.

      My thesis does not support behaviorist or program oriented approaches to language. To the contrary, it defends the view that the natural feedback capacities are indispensable for language – they are as important as the DNA for human sustention.

      Thanks for stopping by :)

  1. Adam Warren Says:

    This is really impressive. I am going to bookmark this page and journey into it as time allows.
    I sense that digital engineering does mimic aspects of brain behaviour, and that neurochemistry is probably digital in some respects (“fire|don’t fire”…). I shall look further into your thesis to see if this idea of mine stands up to your analysis.
    Thank you.

    With kind regards,

    Adam Warren, FRSA.

    • teresapelka Says:

      I don’t think human information processing would be digital: the term “information” is much older than information technologies. Neurons have the all-or-none type of response. Already at local levels, the nervous system makes information pools to overcome the limitations of the option-ridden response, however.

      Thank you for reading.


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